Acne, or named as acne vulgaris, is a common skin problem. It usually occurs in those who during puberty. Adrenal glands of people produce hormones and stimulate the glands.
People’s skin has lots of pores connect to oil glands via follicles. The glands produce oily liquid called sebum, which carries dead skin cells to the skin surface. When the pores blocked, then acne breakout.
Researchers have found that about 75 percent of 10 to 30 years old people can suffer acne. And believe the main cause of acne is the unbalance of hormone level.
Below are the more details and information about acne. and in the end of this post, we give some methods that how to get rid of acne and pimples fast. You can try them and see the result.
What is acne?
Acne is a skin condition that skin area has pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and even have scars. When sebum and skin cells clump together, and get infected by bacteria, may form a swelling, when it break down, a acne breakout.
After the acne appear on the face, usually makes us anxiety, lack of self-confidence, depression, or even want to suicide.
Type of acne
Here are various pimples according to the severity. Such as blackhead, whitehead, acne and cysts.
Blackhead is black spot but it is not caused by dirt. You can see them on the surface of our skin clearly, but you can’t scrub them from your face.
Whitehead is very small and under our skin.
Acne is a moderate severity if a great number of inflammatory pustules on the skin.
Cysts: filled with pus, and can see clearly on the surface of the skin. It usually make you feel pain. This type of pimple usually cause scars on your skin. It is very severe acne.
Knowing the type of categorization, we can choose the appropriate treatment . According to the area of skin acne occurred, there are forehead acne, chin acne, face acne, back acne and so on. And there are more chances of acne appear on the face than on the chin, chest and back.
Who gets it?
Acne is very common. Almost everyone may suffer it at their ages. Most people are aged from 10 to 30 years old get acne, men are more likely to be affected than women. And adolescent are most affected. There are about 18 million Americans get acne at their ages according to a study.
Both women and men may get acne, but young men have more chance suffer from it. Researches have found which may “thanks to” testosterone, because young men have higher quantities in their body.
The sign and symptoms
Comedone, pustules, papules, nodules even scars are the typical features of acne.
Pigmentation: cystic acne under your skin makes you pain, and usually cause skin pigmentation , which usually leave red mark after the acne treatment. And those people who with dark skin color may have more chance to get post inflammatory hyper pigmentation. People usually think of the pigment scar is permanent and can not remove off. But it is not true. These scars can fade as the time goes by. And you can avoid it by avoid getting cyst. Also, use of higher sunscreen can make the chance of getting these scars minimize.
Scars: acne scars often occur when the dermal layer of skin get inflammation. And affect about 90 percent of people. Any form of acne may cause scars.
According to the different healing response of dermal inflammation may lead to different level of collagen. When lost too much collagen during the healing process, the atrophic scars occur, and hypertrophic scars happen after the healing response and increase collagen content.
What cause acne?
In fact, nobody know the real reason that cause acne. Some researchers have found that susceptible to acne may be genetic. Many cosmetic may cause acne. If a medication contain androgen may lead to acne in some susceptible people. If a women during pregnancy, the imbalance of hormone level may result in acne.
But scientists believe that the primary reason of acne is the rise of a type of hormone level – the androgen. When people during his or her adolescent, the androgen levels rise, which make the oil glands grow, gland produce more oil, when sebum accumulate too much, they break down cellular walls, leading to bacteria grow fast.
What makes acne worse?
- Some women may have flare-up of spots during the monthly period because of the hormonal changes.
- People believe some medicines can make acne worse, such as steroid (used for eczema) and phenytoin (used for epilepsy).
- Acne may get worse when wear tight clothes. Because which may increase sweating and bacteria grow under the tight clothes. So bear in mind don’t wear tight bra straps and tight collars.
- Some greasy make-up may make acne worse. If you are acne-prone skin type, be sure using oil-free products.
- Squeeze the spots may lead to further inflammation and leave scars
How To Get Rid Of Acne And Pimples Fast?
There are many ways to get rid of acne, basically are two ways, drug treatment and natural treatment.
According to the severity of acne, there are different treatments. Below are some treatments available from mild to severe acne.
Most of people get acne begin with mild acne, which can cured with OTC medications. Most of these medicine contain the below ingredients.
Benzoyl peroxide: Benzoyl peroxide is a white substance. Usually used for bleaching. It can slow down the glands to produce oil and can kill bacterial , clear the clogged pores. So it can reduce the affected area’s bacterial.
Azelaic acid: Azelaic acid is a saturated dicarboxylic acid, and rich in rye and wheat. Azelaic acid can eliminate free radicals and reduce inflammation. By restraining bacterial growth, it is also used for those people who has melasma or have brown marks on their skin.
Salicylic acid: Salicylic acid is also a white substance which usually as an ingredient of perfume and aspirin. People use it for treating whitehead and blackhead. And it can treat swelling and inflammation effectively. It can make epidermis shed easily and prevent pores from clogging.
If your acne get worse, you should see a doctor. He may prescribe a treatment best for you according to the severity. Such as azelaic acid, creams even oral antibiotic. Antibiotic can kill bacteria and reduce the chance of inflammation. Tetracycline is prescribed most often for treat the severe acne.
Oral antibiotics used mostly for patients with severe acne, and the purpose is to reduce the population of P. acne . which is a bacterium multiply rapidly on the skin and may block follicles. Doctor will give a high dosage, and as the acne not so severe, the dosage may reduce. Bear in mind, antibiotics can not take too long time, no more than three months is better. Because P. acne will resistant to this antibiotic and need take another antibiotic.
It is strong for those severe acne that no respond to conventional medications. And usually used for cystic acne.
For reducing the populations of P. acne, topical antibiotics used commonly. topical antibiotics are used for severe acne such as erythromycin and clindamycin.
Doctor may also prescribe topical retinoid, which can prevent the develop of blackhead and whitehead, so it is popular for acne treatment. Adapalene and tretinoin are usually prescribed as topical retinoids.
Every coin has two sides. The problems of medicine treatment are often addictive and have side-effects. So more and more people apply natural home remedies now.
TOP 8 best natural acne treatments
Acne is a terrible problem for most young people, especially for those girls. Because at this phase they are going for charming and look beautiful. Fortunately, God close a door, he also open a window. That is, there always solutions to get rid of it. And you don’t need to spend much on it. There are many cheap and effective home remedies for acne. Below are top 8 best and can help you get back your beautiful.
Drink more water
Water is important for our health, it can cleanse our inner layer and outer skin. So the easiest way to decrease the chance of getting acne is to drink about 8 glasses of water daily. You’ll find your skin glowing. Water also can purify your system of body and can help to treat other disease. In addition to water, you can also drink fresh juice daily, such as orange juice and apple juice. Which will not only protect you away from acne but also give you a healthy body.
baking soda for acne
We can get baking soda easily and use it for cooking in our daily life. You can use it easily for curing your acne, just mix it with water and rub the paste on the area of problem skin. Leave it for about 20 minutes then wash it with warm water. Doing this daily for about 7 days. You’ll see the difference.
Lemon is easily available around our home. Because it contains natural fruit acid and antioxidant. It is the best natural blood purifier and can help you keep away from acne effectively. You can use it for drinking and applying on the problem skin directly. When you use it externally, just squeeze several drops of lemon juice on the area of infected skin, massage mildly. then rinse with water, if you want to get better result, repeat this process 3 times a day.
Toothpaste for acne
We all know, the cause of acne is bacteria. Toothpaste plays an important role in healing acne because of its anti-bacterial properties. Just Use only a pea-size amount of toothpaste over the acne before going to bed, then wash it next morning. You’ll see the difference. Doing this once daily and about 4 days , you’ll see the great difference if not disappear.
Tea tree oil for acne
tea tree oil acne treatment is very common today. It can easily clear the dead skin cells and cure acne. Before using it, make sure dilute it with water. Just mix it one part to about 7 parts water, then apply it with cotton ball on your problem skin, leave it for about 20 minutes then rinse it.
Apple cider vinegar for acne
Nowadays, apple cider vinegar acne treatment is more and more popular. Like the lemon juice, apple cider vinegar also have the antibacterial properties. In addition, it have antifungal properties as well. But make sure dilute it before using it. Because it is powerful. Just dilute by one part of it to five parts of water, then apply the mixture on the problem area of skin, 3 times one day for better result.
Coconut oil for acne
Some people who suffer acne said that they get good result after using coconut oil. Some skin care products usually contain the effective ingredients of coconut oil. Why the coconut oil acne treatment is effective? Studies found that it have antibacterial properties. As we know, acne is caused by the dead skin cells and bacterial in the pores. When the pores get infected, then the acne break out. Coconut oil can kill bacterial and prevent people getting acne. In addition, coconut oil is rich in Vitamin E that is helpful to keep our skin healthy.
Just rub the coconut oil on the affected area then leave it about 20 minutes. Then clean it gently to remove oil on your skin.
Aloe vera gel
If your skin leave scars after healing acne, then the aloe vera is the best herb to use. It can make the swollen skin calm, help to regenerate the new tissues to boost the healing process.
The method is very simple. Just cut a piece of Aloe vera leaf then the gel get out, apply it on the problem skin, leave it for about 40 minutes then wash it off with water.
If you want to get better result, make sure use it two times a day. And use the fresh Aloe vera gel instead of the counter products that contain aloe vera.
Care of your skin
If you have to cure acne for an important meeting or meet someone, you can ask specialist to get rid of it for you,
- Wash your hands regularly, and keep them clean. Don’t touch your face because there are hundreds of millions of bacteria on your hands. And don’t let the phone receiver touch your face when you calling. because there are tons of sebum on it.
- Wash your hair regularly and keep them away from your face because hair collects skin residue.
- Before apply lotion and makeup on your face, keep your hands clean.
- Before you use the makeup, keep in mind read the label. And don’t use the cosmetic that is acnegenic, And make sure you use the makeup doesn’t contain oil. If you’re not sure what a product contain, you can ask pharmacist for help.
- Wearing loose clothes as much as possible if acne on your neck or back, Because your skin also need breathe. If you have to wear tight clothes, make sure wash your skin regularly.
- Keep away the sun as far as possible, because your skin can produce more sebum after exposure to the sun, and increase the chance to get acne.